Location of the building is the first consideration. Variables to be considered are,
- Accessibility for staff and customers
- Public transportation
- Distances from major centres and significant nodes
- Association with other organizations
- Image and competitive ability of the organization.
The shape and size of the envisaged new building has a major effect on the efficiency of space utilization that may be achieved in the building. The following characteristics provide for a much more effective floor plan:
- Large uninterrupted floor plan ILO scattered floor space
- Simple rectangular shapes ILO irregular and curved shapes
- Deeper office space ILO of narrow floor space
- Few regularly spaced columns ILO many randomly positioned columns
Other variables that need to be considered are:
- Size and orientation of windows,
- Access to the building
- Position and distribution of bathrooms,
- Position of fire escape stairs and feeder routes,
- Other circulation routes
Each of the above factors affects the effective use of the floor plan, which ultimately has an effect on the cost/budget of the space planning. Early assessment of the various buildings on offer is essential to evaluate and compare the possibility of effective space planning in each of the buildings.
As soon as a short-list of most suitable buildings have been determined, a quick bulking and zoning exercise can be carried out to determine if and how the spatial requirements of the business units can be accommodated into each of the buildings.
After deciding on a specific building that is most suitable, the proper space planning can begin.